2 Sam 5:1 All the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, “We are your own flesh and blood.
‘This relatively brief chapter records three of David’s most important achievements. First, he unified the nation, and all the Israelite tribes acknowledged him as king. Secondly, he captured Jerusalem which was one of a number of cities inside Israelite territory but not under Israelite control. Such cities split the country, separating one Israelite tribe from another. Their Canaanite citizens, too, were a permanent danger, since they were often willing to act as the Philistines’ allies against Israel. So David eliminated this danger, taking control of all these ‘foreign’ cities. His third achievement was to eliminate the Philistine threat altogether. He defeated Israel’s old enemy so thoroughly that they never again posed a problem for Israel.’ (NBC)
2 Sam 5:2 In the past, while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns. And the LORD said to you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.'”
2 Sam 5:3 When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a compact with them at Hebron before the LORD, and they anointed David king over Israel.
2 Sam 5:4 David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.
2 Sam 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.
2 Sam 5:6 The king and his men marched to Jerusalem to attack the Jebusites, who lived there. The Jebusites said to David, “You will not get in here; even the blind and the lame can ward you off.” They thought, “David cannot get in here.”
2 Sam 5:6-10 = 1 Chron 11:4-9
The taking of Jerusalem by David is regarded as a master-stroke in his plan to unit Israel. ‘Now David could move his capital from Hebron, deep in the heart of Judah, to a position in the border country between Judah and Benjamin and hope to control Israelites north and south the more easily. With Jerusalem fulfilling this role, David effectively began to make Israel a ‘state’, with a developed machinery of government (2 Sa. 8:15-18). The full development o f this is usually attributed to Solomon.’ (NBC)
‘Jerusalem was already an ancient city. In earlier times, both the tribes of Judah and Benjamin had attempted to capture it (see Jdg. 1:8, 21) but it was still controlled by a Canaanite people called the Jebusites. It was a strongly fortified city, and the Jebusites were confident that David’s troops could not capture it. There are uncertainties about the meaning of some words and phrases in vs 6-8, but it seems probable that the Jebusites were contemptuous: even a blind and lame garrison would be able to defeat David’s attack! But instead of a direct attack on the strong walls, David’s men apparently found a water shaft and were able to enter the city unexpectedly by this means. Jerusalem’s main water supply came from a spring outside the city walls; a number of shafts and tunnels have been discovered by archaeologists.’ (NBC)
2 Sam 5:7 Nevertheless, David captured the fortress of Zion, the City of David.
2 Sam 5:8 On that day, David said, “Anyone who conquers the Jebusites will have to use the water shaft to reach those ‘lame and blind’ who are David’s enemies. ” That is why they say, “The ‘blind and lame’ will not enter the palace.”
2 Sam 5:9 David then took up residence in the fortress and called it the City of David. He built up the area around it, from the supporting terraces inward.
2 Sam 5:10 And he became more and more powerful, because the LORD God Almighty was with him.
2 Sam 5:11 Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, along with cedar logs and carpenters and stonemasons, and they built a palace for David.
2 Sam 5:12 And David knew that the LORD had established him as king over Israel and had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.
2 Sam 5:13 After he left Hebron, David took more concubines and wives in Jerusalem, and more sons and daughters were born to him.
2 Sam 5:14 These are the names of the children born to him there: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, 2 Sam 5:15 Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, 2 Sam 5:16 Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet.
2 Sam 5:17 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went down to the stronghold.
2 Sam 5:18 Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim;
2 Sam 5:19 so David inquired of the LORD, “Shall I go and attack the Philistines? Will you hand them over to me?” The LORD answered him, “Go, for I will surely hand the Philistines over to you.”
2 Sam 5:20 So David went to Baal Perazim, and there he defeated them. He said, “As waters break out, the LORD has broken out against my enemies before me.” So that place was called Baal Perazim.
2 Sam 5:21 The Philistines abandoned their idols there, and David and his men carried them off.
2 Sam 5:22 Once more the Philistines came up and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim;
2 Sam 5:23 so David inquired of the LORD, and he answered, “Do not go straight up, but circle around behind them and attack them in front of the balsam trees.
2 Sam 5:24 As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, move quickly, because that will mean the LORD has gone out in front of you to strike the Philistine army.”
2 Sam 5:25 So David did as the LORD commanded him, and he struck down the Philistines all the way from Gibeon to Gezer.