Deut 18:1 The priests, who are Levites–indeed the whole tribe of Levi–are to have no allotment or inheritance with Israel. They shall live on the offerings made to the LORD by fire, for that is their inheritance.
Deut 18:2 They shall have no inheritance among their brothers; the LORD is their inheritance, as he promised them.
Deut 18:3 This is the share due the priests from the people who sacrifice a bull or a sheep: the shoulder, the jowls and the inner parts.
Deut 18:4 You are to give them the firstfruits of your grain, new wine and oil, and the first wool from the shearing of your sheep,
Deut 18:5 for the LORD your God has chosen them and their descendants out of all your tribes to stand and minister in the Lord’s name always.
Deut 18:6 If a Levite moves from one of your towns anywhere in Israel where he is living, and comes in all earnestness to the place the LORD will choose,
Deut 18:7 he may minister in the name of the LORD his God like all his fellow Levites who serve there in the presence of the LORD.
Deut 18:8 He is to share equally in their benefits, even though he has received money from the sale of family possessions.
Deut 18:9 When you enter the land the LORD your God is giving you, do not learn to imitate the detestable ways of the nations there.
Deut 18:10 Let no one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft,
Divination was often employed by false prophets (Jer 14:14; Mic 3:7; Ezek 12:24). This was expressly forbidden in Deuteronomy 18:9-14, but the techniques were impressive (passing through fire, interpreting omens, dealing with false spirits or the dead). Pagan prophets used them constantly.
Deut 18:11 or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead.
Deut 18:12 Anyone who does these things is detestable to the LORD, and because of these detestable practices the LORD your God will drive out those nations before you.
Deut 18:13 You must be blameless before the LORD your God.
Deut 18:14 The nations you will dispossess listen to those who practice sorcery or divination. But as for you, the LORD your God has not permitted you to do so.
Deut 18:15 The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers. You must listen to him.
Cf. Acts 3:22.
Deut 18:16 For this is what you asked of the LORD your God at Horeb on the day of the assembly when you said, “Let us not hear the voice of the LORD our God nor see this great fire anymore, or we will die.”
Deut 18:17 The LORD said to me: “What they say is good.
Deut 18:18 I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him.
Deut 18:19 If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account.
Deut 18:20 But a prophet who presumes to speak in my name anything I have not commanded him to say, or a prophet who speaks in the name of other gods, must be put to death.”
Deut 18:21 You may say to yourselves, “How can we know when a message has not been spoken by the LORD?”
Deut 18:22 If what a prophet proclaims in the name of the LORD does not take place or come true, that is a message the LORD has not spoken. That prophet has spoken presumptuously. Do not be afraid of him.