The Table of Nations, 1
Gen 10:1 This is the account of Shem, Ham and Japheth, Noah’s sons, who themselves had sons after the flood.
The Japhethites, 2-5
Gen 10:2 The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras.
Gen 10:3 The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.
Gen 10:4 The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittim and the Rodanim.
Gen 10:5 (From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)
… each with its own language – The writer is assuming the division of languages, which is not described until the next chapter.
The Hamites, 6-20
Gen 10:6 The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put and Canaan.
Gen 10:7 The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.
Gen 10:8 Cush was the father of Nimrod, who grew to be a mighty warrior on the earth.
Gen 10:9 He was a mighty hunter before the LORD; that is why it is said, “Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the LORD.”
Gen 10:10 The first centres of his kingdom were Babylon, Erech, Akkad and Calneh, in Shinar.
Gen 10:11 From that land he went to Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah
Gen 10:12 and Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city.
Gen 10:13 Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,
Gen 10:14 Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites.
Gen 10:15 Canaan was the father of Sidon his firstborn, and of the Hittites,
Gen 10:16 Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites,
Gen 10:17 Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,
Gen 10:18 Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites. Later the Canaanite clans scattered
Gen 10:19 and the borders of Canaan reached from Sidon towards Gerar as far as Gaza, and then towards Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.
Gen 10:20 These are the sons of Ham by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.
The Semites, 21-32
Gen 10:21 Sons were also born to Shem, whose older brother was Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.
Gen 10:22 The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.
Gen 10:23 The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshech.
Gen 10:24 Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah the father of Eber.
Gen 10:25 Two sons were born to Eber: One was named Peleg, because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan.
Gen 10:26 Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
Gen 10:27 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,
Gen 10:28 Obal, Abimael, Sheba,
Gen 10:29 Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan.
Gen 10:30 The region where they lived stretched from Mesha towards Sephar, in the eastern hill country.
Gen 10:31 These are the sons of Shem by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.
Gen 10:32 These are the clans of Noah’s sons, according to their lines of descent, within their nations. From these the nations spread out over the earth after the flood.