The Lord’s First Speech, 1-3

38:1 Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind:

‘The Lord “answered” Job (verse 1).  In speaking to Job, God never addressed the problem of suffering, though He gave him the answer he needed.  Job and the other men had been trying to answer Why?  But this was the wrong question, which accounts for all their wrong answers.  The right question was not Why? but Who?  Once Job understood who he was (verse 2; 42.3) and who God is (verses 5-6; etc.), all was well.  The ultimate answer to all our questions about evil and suffering is not information, but a person: the Lord Himself.  The heart cry of believers is always to see the glory of their God and Savior.  One day, that cry will be answered forever (John 17.24; Titus 2.13).’ Beeke (Ed) (Family Bible Worship Guide)

2 “Who is this that darkens my counsel
with words without knowledge?
3 Brace yourself like a man;
I will question you,
and you shall answer me.

God’s questions to Job, 4-41

38:4 “Where were you
when I laid the foundation of the earth?
Tell me, if you possess understanding!
38:5 Who set its measurements—if you know—
or who stretched a measuring line across it?
38:6 On what were its bases set,
or who laid its cornerstone—
38:7 when the morning stars sang in chorus,
and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
38:8 “Who shut up the sea with doors
when it burst forth, coming out of the womb,
38:9 when I made the storm clouds its garment,
and thick darkness its swaddling band,
38:10 when I prescribed its limits,
and set in place its bolts and doors,
38:11 when I said, ‘To here you may come
and no farther,
here your proud waves will be confined’?
38:12 Have you ever in your life commanded the morning,
or made the dawn know its place,
38:13 that it might seize the corners of the earth,
and shake the wicked out of it?
38:14 The earth takes shape like clay under a seal;
its features are dyed like a garment.
38:15 Then from the wicked the light is withheld,
and the arm raised in violence is broken.
38:16 Have you gone to the springs that fill the sea,
or walked about in the recesses of the deep?
38:17 Have the gates of death been revealed to you?
Have you seen the gates of deepest darkness?
38:18 Have you considered the vast expanses of the earth?
Tell me, if you know it all!
38:19 “In what direction does light reside,
and darkness, where is its place,
38:20 that you may take them to their borders
and perceive the pathways to their homes?
38:21 You know, for you were born before them;
and the number of your days is great!
38:22 Have you entered the storehouse of the snow,
or seen the armory of the hail,
38:23 which I reserve for the time of trouble,
for the day of war and battle?
38:24 In what direction is lightning dispersed,
or the east winds scattered over the earth?
38:25 Who carves out a channel for the heavy rains,
and a path for the rumble of thunder,
38:26 to cause it to rain on an uninhabited land,
a desert where there are no human beings,
38:27 to satisfy a devastated and desolate land,
and to cause it to sprout with vegetation?
38:28 Does the rain have a father,
or who has fathered the drops of the dew?
38:29 From whose womb does the ice emerge,
and the frost from the sky, who gives birth to it,
38:30 when the waters become hard like stone,
when the surface of the deep is frozen solid?
38:31 Can you tie the bands of the Pleiades,
or release the cords of Orion?
38:32 Can you lead out
the constellations in their seasons,
or guide the Bear with its cubs?

Apologist J. Warner Wallace, while disclaiming the view that the Bible teaches modern science, nevertheless thinks that the biblical revelation is consistent with science.

With regard to the present passage:

‘Can you tie the bands of the Pleiades?’ is consistent with the view that the components of this famous star cluster are indeed ‘bound together’ by a common origin and motion.

‘Can you…release the cords of Orion?’ would be a reference to Orion’s belts of three stars which (unlike the stars of the Pleiades) are not related to one another and do not share a common motion.

‘Can you…guide the Bear with its cubs?’ would be a reference to the bright star Arcturus, which is connected with some 52 other stars, all moving in the same direction and at an unusually high velocity.

These are interesting coincidences between the Bible and science.  But it is fanciful to regard them as anything more than coincidence.

38:33 Do you know the laws of the heavens,
or can you set up their rule over the earth?
38:34 Can you raise your voice to the clouds
so that a flood of water covers you?
38:35 Can you send out lightning bolts, and they go?
Will they say to you, ‘Here we are’?
38:36 Who has put wisdom in the heart,
or has imparted understanding to the mind?
38:37 Who by wisdom can count the clouds,
and who can tip over the water jars of heaven,
38:38 when the dust hardens into a mass,
and the clumps of earth stick together?
38:39 “Do you hunt prey for the lioness,
and satisfy the appetite of the lions,
38:40 when they crouch in their dens,
when they wait in ambush in the thicket?
38:41 Who prepares prey for the raven,
when its young cry out to God
and wander about for lack of food?