Josh 10:1 Now Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem heard that Joshua had taken Ai and totally destroyed it, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to Jericho and its king, and that the people of Gibeon had made a treaty of peace with Israel and were living near them.
Josh 10:2 He and his people were very much alarmed at this, because Gibeon was an important city, like one of the royal cities; it was larger than Ai, and all its men were good fighters.
Josh 10:3 So Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem appealed to Hoham king of Hebron, Piram king of Jarmuth, Japhia king of Lachish and Debir king of Eglon.
Josh 10:4 “Come up and help me attack Gibeon,” he said, “because it has made peace with Joshua and the Israelites.”
Josh 10:5 Then the five kings of the Amorites—the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon—joined forces. They moved up with all their troops and took up positions against Gibeon and attacked it.
Josh 10:6 The Gibeonites then sent word to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal: “Do not abandon your servants. Come up to us quickly and save us! Help us, because all the Amorite kings from the hill country have joined forces against us.”
Josh 10:7 So Joshua marched up from Gilgal with his entire army, including all the best fighting men.
Josh 10:8 The LORD said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid of them; I have given them into your hand. Not one of them will be able to withstand you.”
Josh 10:9 After an all-night march from Gilgal, Joshua took them by surprise.
Josh 10:10 The LORD threw them into confusion before Israel, who defeated them in a great victory at Gibeon. Israel pursued them along the road going up to Beth Horon and cut them down all the way to Azekah and Makkedah.
Josh 10:11 As they fled before Israel on the road down from Beth Horon to Azekah, the LORD hurled large hailstones down on them from the sky, and more of them died from the hailstones than were killed by the swords of the Israelites.
Josh 10:12 On the day the LORD gave the Amorites over to Israel, Joshua said to the LORD in the presence of Israel: “O sun, stand still over Gibeon, O moon, over the Valley of Aijalon.”
Gibeon would have been in the east, and Aijalon in the west.
‘Joshua consults God and petitions him, and when he has been answered, he boldly orders the sun to do what he knows God approves. Such is the strength of the privilege of faith, praised by Christ, which subjugates mountains and seas to its power (Matt. 17:20; Luke 17:6). The more the strength of the faithful is exhausted, the more generously does God transfer his power to them, revealing his own power through that faith which is bound to the Word. Briefly, faith founded upon the Word is transmuted into confident power. So Elijah closed heaven and opened it at his command and brought fire down from heaven (1 Kings 17-18). So Christ endowed his disciples with heavenly power so that the elements were subject to them.’ (Calvin)
Josh 10:13 So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself on its enemies, as it is written in the Book of Jashar. The sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day.
The Book of Jasar is also referred to in 2 Sam 1:18.
Josh 10:14 There has never been a day like it before or since, a day when the LORD listened to a man. Surely the LORD was fighting for Israel!
What was it that made this day unique? Some think that it was enormity of the miracle. Others think it was the fact that God answered Joshua’s prayer. Still others think that it was the audaciousness of the prayer (‘the Lord listened’ = ‘the Lord obeyed’). Walton suggests that the uniqueness lies in the fact that ‘never before had a person presumed to state what sort of supernatural strategy he wanted God to perpetrate on behalf of Israel.’ This is supported and developed by Gordon Oeste in this article. Oeste says that ‘Joshua seized Yahweh’s prerogative as Israel’s divine warrior and dictated divine battle strategy to Yahweh.’
Josh 10:15 Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.
Josh 10:16 Now the five kings had fled and hidden in the cave at Makkedah.
Josh 10:17 When Joshua was told that the five kings had been found hiding in the cave at Makkedah,
Josh 10:18 he said, “Roll large rocks up to the mouth of the cave, and post some men there to guard it.
Josh 10:19 But don’t stop! Pursue your enemies, attack them from the rear and don’t let them reach their cities, for the LORD your God has given them into your hand.”
Josh 10:20 So Joshua and the Israelites destroyed them completely—almost to a man—but the few who were left reached their fortified cities.
Josh 10:21 The whole army then returned safely to Joshua in the camp at Makkedah, and no one uttered a word against the Israelites.
Josh 10:22 Joshua said, “Open the mouth of the cave and bring those five kings out to me.”
Josh 10:23 So they brought the five kings out of the cave—the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon.
Josh 10:24 When they had brought these kings to Joshua, he summoned all the men of Israel and said to the army commanders who had come with him, “Come here and put your feet on the necks of these kings.” So they came forward and placed their feet on their necks.
“Put your feet on the necks of these kings” – ‘The placing of a foot upon one’s enemy is a twofold gesture: it shows victory and dominance for the one standing and defeat and submission for the one downfallen and vanquished (Josh. 10:24; Ps. 110:1; 1 Cor. 15:25).’ (Holman)
Josh 10:25 Joshua said to them, “Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged. Be strong and courageous. This is what the LORD will do to all the enemies you are going to fight.”
Josh 10:26 Then Joshua struck and killed the kings and hung them on five trees, and they were left hanging on the trees until evening.
Josh 10:27 At sunset Joshua gave the order and they took them down from the trees and threw them into the cave where they had been hiding. At the mouth of the cave they placed large rocks, which are there to this day.
Josh 10:28 That day Joshua took Makkedah. He put the city and its king to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it. He left no survivors. And he did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho.
Josh 10:29 Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Makkedah to Libnah and attacked it.
Josh 10:30 The LORD also gave that city and its king into Israel’s hand. The city and everyone in it Joshua put to the sword. He left no survivors there. And he did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho.
Josh 10:31 Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Libnah to Lachish; he took up positions against it and attacked it.
Josh 10:32 The LORD handed Lachish over to Israel, and Joshua took it on the second day. The city and everyone in it he put to the sword, just as he had done to Libnah.
Josh 10:33 Meanwhile, Horam king of Gezer had come up to help Lachish, but Joshua defeated him and his army—until no survivors were left.
Josh 10:34 Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Lachish to Eglon; they took up positions against it and attacked it.
Josh 10:35 They captured it that same day and put it to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it, just as they had done to Lachish.
Josh 10:36 Then Joshua and all Israel with him went up from Eglon to Hebron and attacked it.
Josh 10:37 They took the city and put it to the sword, together with its king, its villages and everyone in it. They left no survivors. Just as at Eglon, they totally destroyed it and everyone in it.
Josh 10:38 Then Joshua and all Israel with him turned around and attacked Debir.
Josh 10:39 They took the city, its king and its villages, and put them to the sword. Everyone in it they totally destroyed. They left no survivors. They did to Debir and its king as they had done to Libnah and its king and to Hebron.
Josh 10:40 So Joshua subdued the whole region, including the hill country, the Negev, the western foothills and the mountain slopes, together with all their kings. He left no survivors. He totally destroyed all who breathed, just as the LORD, the God of Israel, had commanded.
Josh 10:41 Joshua subdued them from Kadesh Barnea to Gaza and from the whole region of Goshen to Gibeon.
Josh 10:42 All these kings and their lands Joshua conquered in one campaign, because the LORD, the God of Israel, fought for Israel.
Josh 10:43 Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.