Josh 4:1 When the whole nation had finished crossing the Jordan, the LORD said to Joshua,
Josh 4:2 “Choose twelve men from among the people, one from each tribe,
Josh 4:3 and tell them to take up twelve stones from the middle of the Jordan from right where the priests stood and to carry them over with you and put them down at the place where you stay tonight.”
‘This memorial was just one in a series of memorials commemorating God’s mighty acts (cf. Ex. 13:3-6; 1 Sa. 7:12), climaxing in the bread and cup proclaiming ‘the LORD’s death until he comes’ (1 Cor. 11:26).’ (NBC)
Josh 4:4 So Joshua called together the twelve men he had appointed from the Israelites, one from each tribe,
Josh 4:5 and said to them, “Go over before the ark of the LORD your God into the middle of the Jordan. Each of you is to take up a stone on his shoulder, according to the number of the tribes of the Israelites,
Josh 4:6 to serve as a sign among you. In the future, when your children ask you, ‘What do these stones mean?’
‘The twelve stones were to serve forever as a sign and as a memorial (cf. Ex. 12:26-27; Dt. 6:20-25). Memory plays an important role in any society. Without a memory a person loses identity, and without a history to sustain it a society and the world around it become virtually phantom. Any society that hopes to endure must become, as sociologists put it, ‘a community of memory and hope’. In ancient Israel, monuments and rituals such as the Passover (Ex. 13-14) served this function. The numerous memorials mentioned in Joshua as still in existence (e.g. 7:26; 8:29; 10:27) were later superseded by the biblical books that sustain the church. It is assumed that the stories explaining the monuments were transmitted accurately in oral form until the time of the writing, otherwise they would have carried no conviction and could not have sustained the people in reality (cf. 2 Pet. 1:16). Some scholars reverse their function. According to them, these monuments encouraged Israel to create stories to explain their existence, not to remind them of what actually happened!’ (NBC)
Josh 4:7 tell them that the flow of the Jordan was cut off before the ark of the covenant of the LORD. When it crossed the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan were cut off. These stones are to be a memorial to the people of Israel forever.”
‘The purpose of the “sign” (v. 6) and telling about it is for future generations to remember the wonderful faithfulness of God to His promises. On the importance of such remembering for Israel, see Deut. 8:1-20; 1 Cor. 11:25; 2 Tim. 2:8.’ (New Geneva)
Josh 4:8 So the Israelites did as Joshua commanded them. They took twelve stones from the middle of the Jordan, according to the number of the tribes of the Israelites, as the LORD had told Joshua; and they carried them over with them to their camp, where they put them down.
Josh 4:9 Joshua set up the twelve stones that had been in the middle of the Jordan at the spot where the priests who carried the ark of the covenant had stood. And they are there to this day.
‘This expression occurs frequently in the Book of Joshua (5:9; 6:25; 7:26; 8:28, 29; 9:27; 10:27; 13:13; 14:14; 15:63; 16:10), pointing to evidence for the truth and relevance of the narrative.’ (New Geneva)
Josh 4:10 Now the priests who carried the ark remained standing in the middle of the Jordan until everything the LORD had commanded Joshua was done by the people, just as Moses had directed Joshua. The people hurried over,
Josh 4:11 and as soon as all of them had crossed, the ark of the LORD and the priests came to the other side while the people watched.
Josh 4:12 The men of Reuben, Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh crossed over, armed, in front of the Israelites, as Moses had directed them.
Josh 4:13 About forty thousand armed for battle crossed over before the LORD to the plains of Jericho for war.
Thousand – Some scholars think that the word is non-specific, and indicates a ‘contingent’.
Josh 4:14 That day the LORD exalted Joshua in the sight of all Israel; and they revered him all the days of his life, just as they had revered Moses.
Josh 4:15 Then the LORD said to Joshua,
Josh 4:16 “Command the priests carrying the ark of the Testimony to come up out of the Jordan.”
Josh 4:17 So Joshua commanded the priests, “Come up out of the Jordan.”
Josh 4:18 And the priests came up out of the river carrying the ark of the covenant of the LORD. No sooner had they set their feet on the dry ground than the waters of the Jordan returned to their place and ran at flood stage as before.
Josh 4:19 On the tenth day of the first month the people went up from the Jordan and camped at Gilgal on the eastern border of Jericho.
Josh 4:20 And Joshua set up at Gilgal the twelve stones they had taken out of the Jordan.
Josh 4:21 He said to the Israelites, “In the future when your descendants ask their fathers, ‘What do these stones mean?’
Josh 4:22 tell them, ‘Israel crossed the Jordan on dry ground.’
Josh 4:23 For the LORD your God dried up the Jordan before you until you had crossed over. The LORD your God did to the Jordan just what he had done to the Red Sea when he dried it up before us until we had crossed over.
‘The joining of the crossing of the Jordan with that of the Red Sea underscored the typological unity of the two events in salvation and history. The pronoun you (plural) in v 23 represents all Israel as a united body. All believers are able to be present in some way at these historical events through Scripture, imagination, and faith. Moreover, through the monument the peoples of the earth would know that God’s hand is powerful (cf. 2:10; 3:10; Ex. 15:14-16) and Israel would fear, that is, give singleminded allegiance to the Lord (see Dt. 5:29; 8:6 etc.). Today these purposes are achieved through proclaiming Christ’s death for sin and h is resurrection from the dead (cf. Rom. 10:6-9).’ (NBC)
Josh 4:24 He did this so that all the peoples of the earth might know that the hand of the LORD is powerful and so that you might always fear the LORD your God.”
‘The wonders of chs. 3 and 4 will have effects far beyond the immediate generation and far beyond the Israelite people (Josh 2:10; 5:1; cf. Gen. 12:3). The wonderful works of God in the Bible are expected to affect those who hear about them as powerfully as those who see them (Ex. 10:2; and supremely John 20:30, 31).’ (New Geneva)