Prov 23:1 When you sit to dine with a ruler, note well what is before you,

vv1-3 If you find yourself sitting in the lap of luxury – take care! Don’t be greedy. Exercise self-restraint. Know your weaknesses. Far from nourishing you, these delicacies may ruin your health.

Many have a pre-occupation with food and drink. Many are the diseases associated with dietary indiscretion. See Mt 18:8f; Rom 13:11-14; 1 Cor 11:20.

Prov 23:2 and put a knife to your throat if you are given to gluttony.

Prov 23:3 Do not crave his delicacies, for that food is deceptive.

Prov 23:4 Do not wear yourself out to get rich; have the wisdom to show restraint.

23:4f Riches are illusary – they are unreachable, unsatisfying, unkeepable. See Mt 6:20; Lk 12:15, 1 Tim 6:17; Heb 10:34.

Prov 23:5 Cast but a glance at riches, and they are gone, for they will surely sprout wings and fly off to the sky like an eagle.

Prov 23:6 Do not eat the food of a stingy man, do not crave his delicacies;

His food is tempting; his words are inviting, but he is grudging and resentful. See Prov 15:17.

Prov 23:7 for he is the kind of man who is always thinking about the cost. “Eat and drink,” he says to you, but his heart is not with you.

Prov 23:8 You will vomit up the little you have eaten and will have wasted your compliments.

Prov 23:9 Do not speak to a fool, for he will scorn the wisdom of your words.

It is sometimes better to keep quiet, than to fuel the fires of those who ridicule God’s truth. Mt 7:6; Lk 23:9. We need to pray for wisdom to know when to speak, and when to keep silence.

Prov 23:10 Do not move an ancient boundary stone or encroach on the fields of the fatherless,

v10f – The poor and the vulnerable are under God’s special protection. Psa 68:5; Acts 6:1-6; Jas 1:27.

Prov 23:11 for their Defender is strong; he will take up their case against you.

Prov 23:12 Apply your heart to instruction and your ears to words of knowledge.

Prov 23:13 Do not withhold discipline from a child; if you punish him with the rod, he will not die.

v13f To withhold discipline is negligent, cf Eli, 1 Sam 3.

The divine pattern, Heb 12:11.

Not a vent for anger, but the application of love.

Not always to be used – a medicine, not a food.

Prov 23:14 Punish him with the rod and save his soul from death.

Prov 23:15 My son, if your heart is wise, then my heart will be glad;

Prov 23:16 my inmost being will rejoice when your lips speak what is right.

Prov 23:17 Do not let your heart envy sinners, but always be zealous for the fear of the LORD.

Prov 23:18 There is surely a future hope for you, and your hope will not be cut off.

Prov 23:19 Listen, my son, and be wise, and keep your heart on the right path.

Prov 23:20 Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat,

Prov 23:21 for drunkards and gluttons become poor, and drowsiness clothes them in rags.

Prov 23:22 Listen to your father, who gave you life, and do not despise your mother when she is old.

Prov 23:23 Buy the truth and do not sell it; get wisdom, discipline and understanding.

“Solomon bids us (Prov 23:23) to buy the truth, but doth not tell us what it must cost, because we must get it though it be never so dear. We must love it both shining and scorching. Every parcel of truth is precious as the filings of gold; we must either live with it, or die for it.” (Thomas Brooks)

Some who sold the truth:-

1. Esau, Heb 12:16f.

2. Judas, Mt 27:3ff.

3. Demas, 2 Tim 4:10.

Prov 23:24 The father of a righteous man has great joy; he who has a wise son delights in him.

Prov 23:25 May your father and mother be glad; may she who gave you birth rejoice!

Prov 23:26 My son, give me your heart and let your eyes keep to my ways,

Prov 23:27 for a prostitute is a deep pit and a wayward wife is a narrow well.

Prov 23:28 Like a bandit she lies in wait, and multiplies the unfaithful among men.

Prov 23:29 Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has strife? Who has complaints? Who has needless bruises? Who has bloodshot eyes?

Prov 23:30 Those who linger over wine, who go to sample bowls of mixed wine.

Prov 23:31 Do not gaze at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly!

Prov 23:32 In the end it bites like a snake and poisons like a viper.

Prov 23:33 Your eyes will see strange sights and your mind imagine confusing things.

Prov 23:34 You will be like one sleeping on the high seas, lying on top of the rigging.

Prov 23:35 “They hit me,” you will say, “but I’m not hurt! They beat me, but I don’t feel it! When will I wake up so I can find another drink?”