The function of the psalms of lament in the Gospels, especially in the passion narratives, reflects a righteous sufferer typology.
- Jesus is betrayed by his friends. (Mk 14:18; Ps 41:9; 55:12-14)
- He is sorrowful. (Mk 14:34; Ps 43:5)
- He is falsely accused (Mk 14:56 par.; Ps 27:12).
- Pilate washes his hands of Jesus’ death. (Mt 27:24; Ps 26:6)
- Jesus’ clothes are divided among his enemies. (Mk 15:24; Ps 22:18)
- He is mocked. (Mk 15:29-31; Ps 22:7-8; 109:25)
- He thirsts. (Jn 19:28; Ps 69:21)
- He is given vinegar to drink. (Mk 15:36; Ps 69:21)
- He is abandoned by God. (Mk 15:34; Ps 22:1)
- His friends do not stand by him, (Lk 23:49; Ps 38:11)
- In death he commits his soul to God. (Lk 23:46; Ps 31:5)
(DJG, numbering added)