Fee and Stuart (How To Read The Bible For All Its Worth) outline three benefits of the Psalms for both their ancient and modern readers:-
1. ‘The psalms can serve as a guide to worship. By this we mean that the worshiper who seeks to praise God or to appeal to God or to remember God’s benefits can use the psalms as a formal means of expression of his or her thoughts and feelings.…
Christian writers of a certain stripe seem to be queueing up to say pretty much the same thing: the Old Testament contains texts that have repeatedly been used to legitimate violence in the form of colonialism, abuse of women, and genocide. We should not ignore these texts, nor yet try to justify them. We should see, rather, how they have been thoroughly subverted by the teaching and example of Jesus Christ.
One such writer is Eric Seibert, in The Violence of Scripture: Overcoming the Old Testament’s Troubling Legacy.…
With regard to the parts of the Old Testament that record, encourage, or even command violence, a frequent response is that we should interpret them with a ‘Jesus hermeneutic’. Trouble is, Jesus didn’t seem to find these accounts nearly so problematic as we do.
Distinguished Old Testament scholar John Goldingay (not exactly a died-in-the-wool fundamentalist) puts it like this:-
Many modern people don’t like the way the book portrays Joshua’s leading Israel in killing many Canaanites, but there is no indication that the New Testament shares this modern unease.…
In his book Disarming Scripture: Cherry-Picking Liberals, Violence-Loving Conservatives, and Why We All Need to Learn to Read the Bible Like Jesus Did, Derek Flood claims that OT texts which represent God as encouraging, or even commanding, genocide ‘have been used repeatedly by Christians to justify genocides, beginning with the crusades and continuing up to present times.’
Flood mentions the Crusades, the killing by Oliver Cromwell of large numbers of Irish Catholics, the slaughter of many native Americans, and the killing of nearly a million Tutsies in the Rwandan genocide. …
Allan Moseley poses seven questions that can help us to see how the Old Testament points to Jesus.
Is the passage referred to in the New Testament? For example, Habakkuk 2:3 is directly quoted in Romans 1:17; Galatians 3:11 and Hebrews 10:38. Sometimes, however, the allusion is not so straightforward, as when, according to Matthew 2:23, it had been written ‘the prophets’ that Jesus would be called ‘a Nazarene’.
Does the OT passage address a theme that is also addressed in the NT?
I’m been giving some thought to the subject of ‘undesigned coincidences’ in the Bible. One of the pioneers of this field of exploration was J.J. Blunt, in his book Undesigned Coincidences in the Writings both of the Old and New Testaments.
Blunt presented evidence that suggested to him the possibility of a gathered people of God before the time of Moses.
Calum Miller summarises:-
Suggestion that there was an early proto-church despite this never being mentioned:
Having compiled a couple of sets relating to texts in the New Testament, I thought I’d take a look at some commonly-misunderstood texts from the Old Testament. These are discussed more fully in the Bible Study Notes.
Here’s a start:-
Genesis 18 – Abraham’s three visitors. Christian piety, both old and new, has often seen in the story of Abraham’s three visitors a picture of the three persons of the Trinity. This conjecture has been fueled by the celebrated icon of Rublev, which plays a key role in Richard Rohr’s recent (2016) book The Divine Dance: The Trinity and Your Transformation. …
The Old Testament (OT) was the Bible of Jesus and the apostles, Mt 5:17; Lk 24:44; Acts 24:14; 2 Tim 3:15.
The OT shapes our understanding of key biblical truths. It includes many promises whose fulfilment is recorded in the New Testament (NT). It is key to our understanding of, for example, creation (Gen 1:1-2:3) and of substitutionary atonement (Isa 53). The NT repeatedly explains itself by means of references to the OT.