Atheism must regard the existence of the cosmos as inexplicable. Pantheism (which undergirds Buddhism, Hinduism, and Taoism) robs God of his transcendence, by subsuming the divine within the universe (‘all is one and all is God’). Paganism believes that the divine is immanent in nature, and that spells, incantations and rituals enable the individual to control people’s destiny. Gnosticism posits a dualism between spirit and matter, and has as its aim the ascending, through illumination and secret knowledge, up to God. …
A number of alternative views of the six days may be noted, all of which claim loyalty to the biblical text:-
- The ‘literal’ view. the world was created in six 24-hour days a few thousand years ago.
- The ‘religious-only’ view. Gen 1 is true from a theological point of view, but not from a scientific point of view.
- The ‘flood geology’ view. Hold to a literal understanding of the six days, the geological record being the result of the Noahanic flood.
Scripture teaches that God is transcendent, and yet immanent. He is far above above creation, yet intimately involved in it, Acts 17:25,28; Eph 4:6; Col 1:17; Heb 1:3.
False views include:
- materialism, which denies the existence of God altogether;
- pantheism, which teaches that the whole universe is God, or an emanation from God;
- dualism, which holds that God and the material universe have existed eternally side by side, locked in eternal conflict, with no guarantee that good will triumph;
- deism, according to which God created the universe and then left it to run on its own.
Bible commentator Matthew Henry notes that in creation we observe:-
1. Great variety, several sorts of beings vastly differing in their nature and constitution from each other. Lord, how manifold are thy works, and all good!
2. Great beauty. The azure sky and verdant earth are charming to the eye of the curious spectator, much more the ornaments of both. How transcendent then must the beauty of the Creator be!
3. Great exactness and accuracy.…
Scientifically-minded people seem a little confused about whether they think that intelligent life is rather common in the universe, or exceedingly rare.
In 1961 Frank Drake postulated that there might be between 1,000 and 100,000,000 intelligent, communicative, civilisations in our own galaxy. The range of possibility is now thought to be between 2 and 280,000,000 following further review of the various values contained in Drake’s ‘equation’. In other words, we don’t know.
Christian theology has no great interest vested in the question of extra-terrestrial life. …
1. Since God created the world, we have ample demonstration of God’s divinity, Jer 10:11; Acts 17:24. None but God can create. Two books God has written which are sufficient to leave all without excuse: creation, Rom 1:20, and conscience, Rom 2:15. Every star in the sky, every bird that flies, is a witness against unbelief.
2. Since God created the world, we have a mighty assurance for our faith. What cannot our Creator-God do? Ps 124:8.…
According to Young Earth Creationists (YEC) the cosmos came into being not more than about 10,000 years ago. I must admit that I have tended to regard this view as unnecessary from a biblical point of view, and implausible from a scientific point of view.
But let me just note, without irony or mockery, what kinds of arguments could be used to support it.
1. YEC regards its theory as theologically coherent.
YEC is committed to a high view of Scripture. …
Although I’m sympathetic to the idea of theistic evolution, and, in any case, do not regard such theories of origins as of fundamental importance, I think it’s worth taking account of the theological objections that have been levelled against Darwinian theory.
Some of these objections were set out by Alistair Donald in this article published in Evangelicals Now in April 2010.
1. Adam formed by a distinct creative act
Although the precise genre of Genesis 1:1-2:3 is notoriously difficult to pin down, the same is not the case for Gen 2:4 onwards, which is written in standard Hebrew narrative style. …