‘Righteousness is that attribute by which God’s nature is seen to be the eternally perfect standard of what is right. It is closely related to God’s holiness (or moral perfection), on one hand, and to God’s moral law or will as an expression of his holiness, on the other hand. Even though there is no distinction between righteousness and justice in the biblical vocabulary, theologians often use the former to refer to the attribute of God in himself and the latter to refer to the actions of God with respect to his creation.…
Kruse (TNTC) says that Paul speaks of five aspects of God’s righteousness in Roman. These are all aspects of the same umbrella idea: ‘God acting in accordance with his own nature for the sake of his name’:-
- God’s distributive justice. This is implied in Rom 1:18-2:11, where Paul says that God deals with all people in accordance with his revelation, on the one hand, and in accordance with their works, on the other hand. See also Rom 3:1-20
- God’s covenant faithfulness.