Hendriksen (New Testament Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 1:1) summarises the various shades of meaning of this great word:-
A quality or attribute of God or of the Lord Jesus Christ: his kindness. In this connection 2 Cor. 8:9 is often referred to: “For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (However, in connection with this passage, meaning (b) might also be considered.)
The favor toward his people which results from this kindness of disposition and which manifests itself a.
Many members of the Galatian church, and many professing Christians since, have supposed that sinners are saved by their own best efforts, by keeping the law of Moses as promulgated in the Sinai covenant.
As Paul insists in Galatians 3 and 4, this is a fatal error, because it undermines the gospel of God’s free grace.
David Murray shows how the Sinai covenant is, in face, ‘a revelation of Jesus and his gracious salvation.’ Like this:-
‘The saints are not only compared to stars for their light, but to trees for their growth’ (Watson), Isa 61:3, ‘They will be called oaks of righteousness, a planting of the LORD for the display of his splendor.’ Hos 14:5f. ‘Like a cedar of Lebanon he will send down his roots; his young shoots will grow. His splendor will be like an olive tree, his fragrance like a cedar of Lebanon.’
Christian growth is organic, and needs therefore to be both nourished and exercised.…
Some very short notes on the first few sermons from a series preached by Robert Traill (1642-1716).
Text: Heb 4:16
Q. Where is God to be found (cf Job 23:3)? Ans. On a throne of grace: this the antitype of the mercy seat, Heb 4:4ff, which was characterised by (a) limited access; (b) solemn atonement, Lev 16:12ff; (c) communion with God, Ex 25:17ff.
Doctrine: God in the gospel sits on a throne of grace, and from it calls and invites sinners to come to him.…