• ‘A ransom for many’ – sermon notes

    The 2nd of a pair of sermons on Mark 10:45  “For even the Son of Man did ...

  • ‘God is love, and…’

    Steve Chalke's (and Alan Mann's) book, The Lost Message of Jesus, is, I suppose, ...

  • A demonised boy healed – sermon notes

    Text: Mark 9:9-32 It had been a mountain-top experience to top the lot. Right ...

  • Atonement – a many-faceted diamond

    Contributors to Trevin Wax's blog have recently been writing about some of ...

  • Atonement: theories or images?

    One of the less helpful aspects of much theological discussion about atonement ...

  • Biblical foundations of penal substitution 1 – Exodus 12

    "The doctrine of penal substitution states that God gave himself in the person ...

  • Biblical Foundations of Penal Substitution 2 – Leviticus 16

    The Book of Exodus raises the question, 'How can a holy God dwell in the midst ...

  • Biblical foundations of penal substitution 3 – Isaiah 53

    Isaiah 53 (more properly 52:13-53:12) constitutes the fourth 'Servant Song'.  ...

  • Biblical foundations of penal substitution 4 – Mark

    Mark 10:45 - a ransom for many Penal substitution is implied in the word lytron ...

  • Biblical Foundations of Penal Substitution 6 – Romans

    Context Paul teaches in Romans that the universal sinfulness of humankind provokes ...

  • Biblical Foundations of Penal Substitution 7 – Galatians

    Galatians 3:10-13 The image of the crucifixion at 'hanging on a tree' in Acts ...

  • Can guilt be transferred?

    How can it be possible for guilt to be transferred from one person to another? ...

  • Carson on ‘The Lost Message of Jesus’

    Plenty has been thought, said, and written about Steve Chalke and his comments ...

  • Glorying in the Cross of Christ

    'May I never,' writes Paul in Galatians 6:14, 'boast except in the cross of ...

  • Justification – a peripheral doctrine?

    A couple of years ago Roger Forster, founder of Ichthus Christian Fellowship, ...

  • Must God punish sin?

    Few Christians are willing to do any sustained thinking about sin.  Of course, ...

  • Objections to Penal Substitution 1 – Bible

    A significant portion of Jeffrey, Ovey & Sach's notable work, Pierced ...

  • Objections to Penal Substitution 2 – Culture

    [Go to list of contents for this series of posts] According to Jeffery, Ovey ...

  • Objections to penal substitution 3 – violence

    Having considered objections to the doctrine of penal substitutionary atonement ...

  • Objections to penal substitution 4 – justice

    Continuing this series that summarises (in order to commend) material within ...

  • Objections to penal substitution 5 – God

    The next set of objections to the doctrine of penal substitutionary atonement ...

  • Objections to penal substitution 6 – the Christian life

    Here's the last in this series, summarising responses to objections to the ...

  • On trial – sermon notes

    Note: this short message was delivered in two parts during the course of an ...

  • Paul’s view of the Cross

    By God's marvelous grace Paul had come to view [the] cross as: a. The Mirror, ...

  • The Cross in the Book of Acts

    'It is often asserted,' writes John Stott, 'that in the book of Acts the apostles' ...

  • The Day the Revolution Began

    I've been going through Tom Wright's important new book The Day the Revolution ...

  • The doctrine of the atonement

    'The atonement is the work Christ did in his life and death to earn our salvation.' ...

  • The excellency of knowing Christ crucified

    John Flavel's work entitled The Fountain of Life (subtitled, 'Presenting Christ ...

  • The Passover – sermon notes

    Text: Exodus 12:1-13  [See here for my Bible Study Notes on this passage] ...

  • The self-substitution of God

    How can we, who are so deeply unholy and unrighteous, be reconciled with God, ...

  • The Significance of the Last Supper

    According to I.H. [...]

  • The triumph of the Cross

    The New Testament (writes John Stott) sounds a note of victory that is sadly ...