The literature (especially online literature dating from 2016 onwards) is huge.
Here, however, is a selection.
Bird, Michael F. and Harrower, Scott (eds). Trinity Without Hierarchy. Kregel, 2020.
Byrd, Aimee. Recovering From Biblical Manhood and Womanhood. Zondervan, 2020. (Not primarily about ESS, but of some relevance, given Byrd’s involvement in the debate)
Butner, D. Glenn, Jnr: The Son Who Learned Obedience: A Theological Case Against the Eternal Submission of the Son. Pickwick, 2018.
Erickson, Millard J. Who’s Tampering with the Trinity: An Assessment of the Subordination Debate. Kregel, 2009.
Giles, Kevin. The Trinity & Subordinationism: The Doctrine of God & the Contemporary Gender Debate. IVP, 2002.
Giles, Kevin. Jesus and the Father: Modern Evangelicals Reinvent the Doctrine of the Trinity. Zondervan, 2006.
Giles, Kevin. The Eternal Generation of the Son: Maintaining Orthodoxy in Trinitarian Theology. IVP, 2012.
Giles, Kevin. The Rise and Fall of the Complementarian Doctrine of the Trinity. Cascade Books, 2017.
Grudem, Wayne. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. 1994/2020. Of note (or notariety, for some) due to Grudem’s advoacy of ESS.
Jowers, Dennis W. and House, H. Wayne (eds). The New Evangelical Subordinationism?: Perspectives on the Equality of God the Father and God. Pickwick, 2012.
Routley, Jonathan. Eternal Submission. Wipf and Stock, 2019.
Sanders, Fred and Swain, Scott R. (eds). Retrieving Eternal Generation. Zondervan, 2017.
Ware, Bruce A. Father, Son, and Holy Spirit: Relationships, Roles, and Relevance. Crossway, 2005.
Ware, Bruce A. and Starke, John (eds). One God in Three Persons. Crossway, 2014.
Articles and web pages
Arsenal, Tony: Socinianism, Divine Simplicity, and the Eternal Functional Subordination Controversy (Dec 4th, 2017)
Bilezikian, Gilbert: “Hermeneutical Bungee-Jumping: Subordination in the Godhead,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 40.1 (March 1997): 57-68.
Bird, Michael, Functional Subordination within the Trinity. (2006)
Boyd, Duncan. Is the Son of God Eternally Subordinate to the Father? (2018)
Boyd, Duncan. The Coequal Godhead of the Father and the Son. (2018)
Burk, Denny – A brief response to Trueman and Goligher
Burk, Denny, My Take-Away’s From the Trinity Debate. (August 10, 2016)
Butner, Glenn: Against Eternal Submission.
Byrd, Aimee, Strachan’s Rebranding of ESS is Not “Thunderously Good” (May 9th, 2019)
Byrd, Aimee, What Denny Burk Could Do. (August 11, 2016)
Cowan, Christopher, ‘The Father and Son in the Fourth Gospel: Johannine Subordination Revisited.’ JETS 49/1 (March 2006) 115–35
DeYoung, Kevin. Distinguishing Among the Three Persons of the Trinity within the Reformed Tradition. (2016)
Grudem, Wayne. “Biblical Evidence for the Eternal Submission of the Son to the Father” [published in The New Evangelical Subordinationism? edited by Dennis W. Jowers and H. Wayne House (Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2012), 223-261.]
ETS 2016 – Submission and Subordination in the Trinity – conference audio files
Grudem, Wayne: Why a denial of the Son’s eternal submission threatens both the Trinity and the Bible (Notes of address given at ETS: San Antonio: Nov. 15, 2016.
Giles, Kevin: The Nicene and Reformed doctrine of the Trinity (Text of address given at ETS, Nov, 15, 2016.
Giles, Kevin, and Letham, Robert: The Holy Trinity in Scripture, history, theology and worship A review article with response. Evangelical Quarterly, 78.1 (2006), 85-94.
Giles, Kevin. The Evangelical Theological Society and the doctrine of the Trinity. Evangelical Quarterly, 80.4 (2008). 323-338.
Giles, Kevin. Rejoinder to Robert Letham. Evangelical Quarterly, 80.4 (2008), 347-348.
Giles, Kevin. The Doctrine of the Trinity and Subordination. (2004)
Goligher, Liam. A letter to Professors Grudem and Ware.
Goligher, Liam. Dr Liam Goligher responds to Dr Mike Ovey.
Gons, Phil: Warfield on Eternal Subordination in the Trinity
Johnson, Keith E. Trinitarian Agency and the Eternal Subordination of the Son: An Augustinian Perspective. Themelios, Vol 36:1.
Keener, Craig S.: Is subordination within the Trinity really heresy? A study of John 5:18 in context. Trinity Journal; Spring 1999; 20, 1.
Kovach, Stephen, “Egalitarians revamp doctrine of the Trinity Bilezikian, Grenz and the Kroegers Deny Eternal Subordination of the Son,” CBMW News 2.1 (Dec. 1996): 1, 3-5.
Kovach, Stephen D. and Schemm, Jr, Peter R. A defense of the doctrine of the eternal subordination of the Son. JETS 42/3 (September 1999) 461–476
The Doctrine of the Trinity and its Bearing on the Relationship between Men and Women (Sydney Diocesan Doctrine Report, 2002)
MzEllen: Craig Keener on Subordinationism
McGeown, Martyn: The error of eternal functional subordination: an evangelical debate –
MacLeod, Donald Subordinationism (out of the blue!)
Mason, Brad: The Semi-Arianism of ESS Arguments and other posts
Miller, Rachel, Continuing Down This Path, Complementarians Lose. (May 22nd, 2015). Miller’s article accepts Jared Moore’s understanding that the authors of the book One God, Three Persons (Ware and Starke, eds.) teach subordination within the immanent (ontological) – not just the economic – Trinity. Miller states that she has read ‘portions’ of the book; however, she seems to quote only from Moore’s article. It would have been better if both she and Moore had taken note of the full title of the book: One God, Three Persons: Unity of Essence, Distinction of Persons, Implications for Life (my emphasis).
Miller, Rachel, Does the Son Eternally Submit to the Authority of the Father. (May 28th, 2015). In this critique of Grudem, Miller continues to conflate submission within the immanent Trinity and the economic Trinity. Grudem, of course, repeatedly and emphatically insists that the two should be distinguished.
Miller, Rachel. Eternal Subordination of the Son and CBMW. (August 12th 2016)
Mohler, Albert. Heresy and Humility – Lessons from a Current Controversy. (June 28, 2016)
Paul, Ian: Evangelicals and the Trinity. (Reproduces the ETS paper by Kevin Giles)
Perriman, Andrew Trinity, subordination and narrative in Hebrews 1:1-2
Roberts, Alastair: The Eternal Subordination of the Son
- The Debate So Far
- Survey of Some Relevant Material.
- The Need for Trinitarian Clarity I
- The Need for Trinitarian Clarity II
- The Tension Between Bible and Doctrine
- Reconciling Scripture and Dogma
- Subordination in Scripture: κεφαλή in 1 Corinthians 11:3
- Subordination in Scripture: Indivisible Divine Authority in Mutually Defining Relations
- Concluding Reflections I
- Concluding Reflections II
Roberts, Alastair: Social Trinitarianism, and Ectypal Theology (2015)
Sanders, Fred: 18 Theses on the Father and the Son (2016)
Stamps, Luke The Trinity Debate and the History of Interpretation
Strachan, Owen: Wayne Grudem Critiques Liam Goligher’s Historical Theology
Summers, Darren: Some Observations On The ‘Eternal Functional Subordination’ Debate
Sumner, Darren. What Is the Immanent Trinity? A Clarification for the Eternal Subordination Debate. (June 16th, 2016)
Thatcher, Liam: Subordination and the Immanent Trinity. (2015)
Trueman, Carl, Farenheit 381 (June 7, 2016).
Trueman, Carl. A rejoinder to Wayne Grudem (June 9, 2016).
Ware, Bruce. Tampering with the Trinity. (May 1st, 2001)
Ware, Bruce. Tampering with the Trinity. Evangelicals Now, April 2002. (A short version of the above article)
Wellum, Stephen: Editorial: Our Glorious Triune God. SBJT, 21:2 (2017)
Wilson, Andrew: Eternal Submission in the Trinity? A Quick Guide to the Debate
Zaspel, Fred, Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield on the Doctrine of the Trinity. (See also ch. 5 of Zaspel’s ‘The Theology of B.B. Warfield’).
Eternal functional subordination of the Son – Theopedia article.
See this bibliography on the Trinity
See here for a comprehensive list of references to the 2016 debate.
Another timeline here.