• Can guilt be transferred?

    How can it be possible for guilt to be transferred from one person to another? ...

  • Criticisms of penal substitution

    One of the frustrations of reading Recovering the Scandal of the Cross, by ...

  • Joel Green on penal substitution

    'Must we imagine the atonement in penal substitutionary terms?' This is the ...

  • Must God punish sin?

    Few Christians are willing to do any sustained thinking about sin.  Of course, ...

  • Needed: satisfaction for sin

    'With God all things are possible' (Matthew 19:26).  'Nothing is impossible ...

  • Objections to Penal Substitution 1 – Bible

    A significant portion of Jeffrey, Ovey & Sach's notable work, Pierced ...

  • Objections to Penal Substitution 2 – Culture

    [Go to list of contents for this series of posts] According to Jeffery, Ovey ...

  • Objections to penal substitution 3 – violence

    Having considered objections to the doctrine of penal substitutionary atonement ...

  • Objections to penal substitution 4 – justice

    Continuing this series that summarises (in order to commend) material within ...

  • Objections to penal substitution 5 – God

    The next set of objections to the doctrine of penal substitutionary atonement ...

  • Objections to penal substitution 6 – the Christian life

    Here's the last in this series, summarising responses to objections to the ...

  • Penal substitution – the heart of atonement?

    I guess that most people who claim to be evangelicals would affirm the doctrine ...

  • Penal substitution an Anglican doctrine

    As a Licensed Reader within the Church of England, it is of some interest and ...

  • Penal substitution: a pastoral apologetic

    Derek Tidball outlines six pastoral issues which are often raised as objections ...

  • Penal substitution: reshaping the debate

    I have been revisiting the debates about the theology of atonement that surfaced ...

  • Puritans on penal substitution

    In chapter 15 of The Atonement Debate (2008), Stephen Holmes gives an account ...

  • Questions about penal substitution

    I. Howard Marshall, in his book Aspects of the Atonement, helpfully sets out ...

  • Questions about penal substitutionary atonement

    Taking I.H. Marshall's suggestions in Aspects of the Atonement as our starting ...

  • The logic of penal substitution

    There are three principal ways in which Christ's death has been understood ...

  • Was ‘the wrath of God satisfied’ on the cross?

    'In Christ alone' (Stuart Townend and Keith Getty) is a fine Christian song. ...